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Rohingya Muslim villagers cut off from food and threatened by Buddhist neighbours in Burma’s violence-wracked Arakan State received their first substantial food supplies in months on Wednesday after international pressure on the government to help.
Diplomats and aid groups called on the government to step in after Reuters exclusively reported the dire situation faced by thousands of Rohingya Muslims trapped in the villages of Ah Nauk Pyin and Nyaung Pin Gyi last month.
“A boat arrived yesterday evening with rice bags and six Red Cross staff came to our village this morning,” Maung Maung, an administrator in the riverside Rohingya village of Ah Nauk Pyin, told Reuters by telephone.
He said it was the first time in three months that significant supplies of food had been delivered to the village.
“The aid arrived just as we’re starving,” he said.
Fragile relations between the Rohingya villagers and their ethnic Arakanese Buddhist neighbours were shattered on 25 August, when deadly attacks by Rohingya militants prompted a ferocious response from Burma’s security forces.
Rights groups say ethnic Arakanese Buddhists have joined in attacks on Rohingya, and the residents of Ah Nauk Pyin told Reuters in mid-September they had been threatened by Buddhists and they had pleaded with authorities for safe passage out.
The state government told them to stay put.
More than half a million Rohingya villagers have fled to Bangladesh to escape what the United Nations has called a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing” aimed at pushing the Rohingya out of the country for good.
Burma dismisses that. It says it is fighting a legitimate campaign against Rohingya “terrorists.”
Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya remain in Arakan State, many in fear of their security and facing growing hunger as food supplies dwindle, partly because of restrictions on the trade and movement of rice.
Minister for Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Win Myat Aye, who is leading the government response to the humanitarian crisis unfolding in Arakan, confirmed that the aid had arrived in Ah Nauk Pyin.
He said the government would support all vulnerable people.
“We’ll support these people continuously, until they can stand on their own feet,” he said. “Nobody wants to rely on aid all their lives.”
After Reuters reported on the plight of Ah Nauk Pyin, and the nearby village of Nyaung Pin Gyi, Burma-based diplomats had asked to visit on a government-organised trip to Arakan State last week.
The itinerary of the trip mentioned the Reuters report.
Win Myat Aye has been to Ah Nauk Pyin several times with Arakan State government officials, and has promised to protect the residents.
Burma has restricted access to Arakan State for most aid agencies, despite growing international calls for humanitarian groups to be allowed in to help.
Aid is being organised by three Red Cross organisations — the Myanmar Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
The aid to the 600 families of Ah Nauk Pyin delivered on Wednesday included rice, oil, beans, salt, sugar and tinned fish for a month.
Residents of the other Rohingya village, Nyaung Pin Gyi, said they had not been visited and had yet to get any aid but ICRC communications official Khin Htay Oo said Nyaung Pin Gyi would get food aid on Tuesday.
“We help all people affected by the conflict, we do not take sides based on race or religion,” she said.