Burma has blamed Bangladesh for delaying the start of a repatriation process for hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslim refugees, saying it feared Dhaka could be stalling until it receives multi-million dollars of international aid money.
More than 600,000 Rohingya have fled predominantly Buddhist Burma to neighbouring Bangladesh since late August to escape ethnic violence that accompanied a brutal military counter-insurgency operation after Rohingya militant attacks on security posts in Burma’s Rakhine State.
Zaw Htay, a spokesman for Burma’s de facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, said Burma was ready to begin the repatriation process any time, based along the lines of an agreement that covered returns of Rohingya to Burma in the early 1990s.
He said Bangladesh had yet to accept those terms.
“We are ready to start, but the other side did not accept yet, and the process was delayed. This is the number one fact,” Zaw Htay, director-general of the Ministry of the State Counsellor’s Office, told journalists on Tuesday.
A memorandum of understanding on border liaison posts was signed with Bangladesh Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan following talks in the Burmese capital Naypyidaw last week, but there was no progress on reviving the old agreement.
Zaw Htay linked the delay by Bangladesh to the money raised so far by the international community to help build gigantic refugee camps for the Rohingya.
“Currently they have got $400 million. Over their receipt of this amount, we are now afraid of delaying the programme of deporting the refugees,” he said in comments carried in a front-page article in the state-run Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper on Wednesday.
“They have got international subsidies. We are now afraid they would have another consideration as to repatriation,” he said.
The Bangladeshi government issued a statement on Thursday saying that Burma had not agreed to 10 points put forward by its minister at last week’s talks, including the full implementation of the recommendations of an Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, chaired by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, for a sustainable return of Rohingya.
Khan told Bangladeshi media on Friday that the two sides were unable to form a joint working group but said it should be set up by the time Foreign Minister Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali goes to Burma for talks on 30 November.
The Burmese government has said it would accept the Rohingya once it was established that they had lived in Burma.
Zaw Htay said Burma was awaiting a list of Rohingya refugees from the Bangladesh side.