India is considering supplying arms to Burma’s government in a sign of strong support for a neighbour that faces criticism for its crackdown on Rohingya Muslims.
The arms were discussed during a visit by the chief of Burma’s navy, Indian officials said on Thursday. The two sides also talked about training Burmese sailors on top of the courses taught to its army officers at elite Indian defence institutions.
India’s decision to discuss enhancing military cooperation with its eastern neighbour appears part of a push to counter Chinese influence in the region.
It comes at a time when Western countries are stepping up pressure on Burma’s government for violence against Rohingya Muslims in its northwestern Arakan State.
Burma rejects the charge, saying its forces are tackling insurgents of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, whom it has accused of setting fires and attacking civilians.
Britain said this week it was suspending its training programme for the Burma military, demanding it take steps to end the violence against civilians.
On Wednesday, the commander-in-chief of the Burmese navy, Admiral Tin Aung San, met Indian Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman and the chiefs of India’s army, navy and air force.
The two sides are discussing the supply of offshore patrol boats, a military official said. The Burmese navy chief also visited the naval ship building site in Mumbai as part of the four-day trip that ended on Thursday.
“Myanmar is a pillar of our Look East policy and defence is a large part of the relationship,” said the official.
In 2013, India offered to supply equipment such as artillery guns, radars and night vision devices to Burma’s army. Since then, the focus has shifted to naval cooperation as India seeks to push back against Chinese influence in the region.
The two sides are expected to increase coordinated patrols in the Bay of Bengal that help the two navies operate together.
“The fact that the Indian government is receiving a high-level military officer at a time when the international community is criticising the military sends out a signal,” said K.Yhome, who specialises in India’s neighbourhood policy at the New Delhi-based Observer Research Foundation.
“The message is [that] India is with the Myanmar government so far as the Rohingya issue is concerned,” he said.
Since the crisis erupted in Arakan State last month, New Delhi has been supportive of de facto leader Aung Saan Suu Kyi, condemning insurgent attacks on security forces that prompted a military crackdown against the Rohingya.
Only later as international criticism mounted, India expressed concern at the flight of hundreds of thousands of refugees into neighbouring Bangladesh.
China has also stood by the Burmese government. This week Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told UN Secretary-General António Guterres that Beijing supported Burma’s efforts to protect its national security and opposes recent violent attacks in Arakan.